Deciding what to pack for Africa or what to wear on safari, especially if you’re travelling long term, covering multiple countries with different dress codes, cultural considerations, weather conditions and temperatures, can be a bit confusing!
But don’t worry, with this comprehensive Africa packing list and what to wear on safari guide, I’ve got you covered or pretty much every country and all situations!
This is generally a packing list for women, but fellas, you’ll get the idea!
Just to be clear, you do probably don’t need everything on this list. A lot will depend on where and when you are going.
For example, if you’re travelling to Zanzibar for two weeks, you’re not going to need a down jacket, however if you’re travelling to Namibia or Botswana in the colder winter months, you definitely will need a down jacket. If you’re not trekking for days on end in the rainy season, do you really need a heavy waterproof jacket? No. If you’re not into photography, do you need a tripod? No.
But, if you are travelling for a long period of time, many of these items will come in useful, so pick and choose the items appropriate to your own needs.
What to Pack for Africa & What to Wear on Safari: The Only Africa Packing List You’ll Ever Need!
When you are travelling around Africa, your bags are likely to get thrown about, strapped to the roof of a car and absolutely covered in dust, so I’d recommend you invest in a durable rucksack as your main luggage – especially if overlanding or backpacking.
You can, of course, take a suitcase too, but I just find that backpacks are much easier to carry around and to fit into the various types of transport you are likely to take. And you’ll sometimes end up dragging them through sand and over dusty, bumpy roads, so being able to just pick it up is a bonus.
If you are taking any small planes to go on safari, just bear in mind the often strict weight limits they have and be ready to leave some stuff behind.
Having a smaller backpack/daypack is really useful for hiking, on safari etc. The one I have is the Lowe Alpine Edge 18 and it’s great. I also usually use this as my carry on for the plane, it just fits my computer and camera stuff in, plus a few other bits and pieces.
I also have a crossbody bag by Dakine that I LOVE and this is what I use on a daily basis/for nights out to carry the bare essentials as I find that I don’t always want to carry around even a small backpack. I have this one but in the Zanzibar pattern (how appropriate). If you want something a little more low key and stylish, I love the bags from Fat Face too.
As well as my main bag, I have this small foldable bag and it’s fab. I use this to decant stuff into if I’m going on a short 2-night safari etc, to save me taking my big bag everywhere. It also works well as a carry-on.
I am a massive fan of packing cubes when packing for Africa. If it’s one piece of advice I could give you about packing, it’s separate your stuff. It just makes everything sooo much easier to find and to keep clean! I love the Eagle Creek Pack-it Cubes as they are really good quality and they last forever (I’ve had mine for over 10 years now and they have survived multiple Africa backpacking trips), but there are a few different makes to choose from. I also sometimes wrap mine in a jumper and use it as a pillow when I’m camping or on overnight trains. Works like a charm.
I always have two wallets – my normal everyday purse, as well as a travel wallet where I keep my passport, yellow fever certificate, important bits of paper and my dollars/other currencies. I’ve had mine for 10 years now, so I can’t even remember where it’s from, but you can find similar here.
I take a wash bag that has room for general toiletries and a little bit of makeup. Mine is this one from Lifeventure. I love it because it has 4 separate compartments, it’s machine washable, it has a mirror and a hook so that you can hang up away from wet communal shower floors.
Choosing what clothes to pack for Africa is tricky. But there are a couple of main things to consider…
1. Check the Weather
Before you go, check the seasons/temperatures. Being prepared for the seasons will mean that you’re not carrying around heavy stuff when you don’t need to, or freezing your boobs off when you don’t have appropriate warm clothing.
What most people don’t realise, is that the seasons vary a lot in Africa, and even within each individual country, there are also lots of microclimates.
Please believe me when I say it can go down to FREEZING temperatures in some places at night and it’s almost always cold on early morning safaris.
But it can be really hot and humid in some places. For instance, in Tanzania in August, you’ll be cold when on safari in the mornings and evenings in the Serengeti but warm during the day. But if you then head to Zanzibar or the coast, it’s going to be pretty hot and humid all year round.
2. Think About Your Activities/Itinerary
What to wear on safari? Lightweight, breathable clothing is best, but you don’t have to be head to toe in khaki and wearing zip-off pants the entire time.
If doing walking safaris, you’ll need some bush friendly colours as to not scare off the animals, but if you’re doing your safaris in a car, then it doesn’t really matter what colour you wear.
However it is advised to avoid dark blue and black as they are said to attract the tsetse fly (found in certain areas), although from my experience tsetse flies are evil mo fos and just bite you regardless whether you are wearing dark colours or not, so the best thing is to cover yourself head to toe in bug spray, including under your clothes.
But for around town and in the villages, bright colours are normal. You see all the women wearing brighly coloured chitenge/kitenge material. So it’s ok to pack a mix of clothes.
Will you be spending much time in water? Then maybe bring some water shoes and don’t forget your swimwear. Going to a place that’s culturally conservative? Dress appropriately and cover your legs, shoulders/chest and mid-riff.
If you’re doing any type of serious trekking, you can see my specialist Kilimanjaro Packing List here.
Africa can be really dusty, so the golden rule for everyday clothes tends to be not to bring anything that you mind getting dirty, especially if you are travelling overland or going on safari! I’ve lost or damaged many a lovely clothing item on my Africa backpacking trips over the years.
But that’s not to say you shouldn’t bring a few nicer items too, as there will certainly be times when you’ll want to dress up!
Remember – you have to carry a lot of this around, so pack sparingly. You never need as many clothes as you think you do!
I cannot emphasise enough that you need to bring warm clothes if you are doing a safari and/or camping. You’ll spend a lot of time outdoors and at certain times of year especially, some places in Africa are FREEZING!
As I’m usually travelling over the British summer (when it’s colder in East and Southern Africa) I usually take a fleece or a hoodie, as well as a down jacket. I don’t need it all the time, but when I do it’s great. I just stuff it into the inner compartment on my backpack and forget about until I need it.
And I often buy a blanket when I’m there (the one below was from a market in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda which has now become a throw on my sofa at home, the Maasai blankets are also great).
The picture below was me and my Rock My Namibia Adventure group in Namibia in August. Look what we are wearing! Hats, hoodies, down jackets, thermals AND blankets! It was THAT cold and much colder at night.
Lightweight Rain Jacket
Unless you are doing some serious multi-day trekking, a lightweight rain jacket will be fine. In the dry season, you may not need one at all.
You’ll live in these, so take at least 3 or 4 very basic ones, including a sports-type vest if you like hiking.
I usually always take one nicer cami top to wear with my jeans.
A long-sleeved shirt can be useful to cover up out of respect, from the sun, from mosquitos or as a little extra warmth at night. You may want to bring one in neutral colours for safari.
If travelling in the colder months, especially if camping, you may want to bring a long-sleeved thermal top too. I have a couple of Icebreaker crew tops from when I climbed Kilimanjaro (they are great as they are really warm, breathable and don’t smell even after a few days of trekking), but there are cheaper ones available.
Colourful, slouchy trousers can be found anywhere these days, so you could either bring some from home, your previous travels or pick some up at a local market in Africa. These are comfortable for safaris.
Hiking pants are also good for hiking and safari. I don’t bother with these and just wear leggings but I know some people love them. Plus, they tend to rip less than leggings of hippie pants.
Great for wearing under shorter dresses in areas where you shouldn’t show your knees, for hiking or for protecting you against pesky mosquitoes.
If you are travelling in the colder months, you may also want to invest in a per of thermal leggings too.
Maxi Dress or Skirt
You will have occasions to dress up, so take a couple of versatile and lightweight items that will work both day and night and won’t get ruined when you wash them. I have a colourful dress (above under the bag section) and also a black cotton dress that I wear but accessorise with a kimono or scarf to make it look a bit dressier (see below).
There will be plenty of opportunities to get in the water, so bring your cozzie.
Definitely needed, especially if camping or staying in hostels.
Underwear & Socks
Breathable materials are best! Bring at least one sports bra. As well as normal trainers socks, I usually always have a couple of pairs of thick hiking socks too. I have some similar to these ones that I initially bought for Iceland.
A pair of shorts or two is always useful for activities like hiking or white water rafting.
This is a personal call. You won’t need jeans all the time, and they’ll be too warm to wear some places (like the Swahili coast where it’s more but really come in handy in others, especially in cities like Nairobi, Johannesburg or Cape Town.
When I’m in Africa I tend to live in Havaianas in the day time. The only trouble is, if you walk somewhere thorny, the thorns poke through.
I love mine, so wear them regardless but you might want something a bit more sturdy, like Teva’s which are pretty practical as they have thick soles, can be used for every day use, hiking and walking through water.
I prefer to take a few pairs, rather than one versatile pair, but that’s just me!
For evenings, I tend to wear my Blowfish Galie sandals as they are a bit dressier than flip flops but really comfy. You can see me wearing them in the pic above.
Trainers and/or Boots
At night, especially on safari, I tent to switch to trainers, because it gets cold at night and also to protect my feet from any creatures or sharp objects I can’t see in the dark.
If you have Teva’s, you can just rock the socks and sandals look. No-one’s judging.
If you’re doing any big hikes, you may want to bring a pair of comfortable hiking boots or shoes like this Merrell pair.
These aren’t essential, but some people may find then useful. This past year I spent a lot of time swimming in rivers, visiting the Devil’s Pool and playing in waterfalls, so having water shoes I bought this cheap pair and they have saved my delicate feet. If you have Teva’s (or similar) you probably won’t need these.
The sun can be strong, so protect your face and neck with a hat. Good for safaris, boat trips, at the beach, hiking etc. One that won’t easily blow off your head easily when in an open moving vehicle is good.
The sun is strong and they’re also good to protect your eyes from the dust on safari. Plus they’ll make you look stylish in your photos.
I’d take at least 2 pairs in case you break one (which I do on every trip). You can buy sunglasses over there from the markets etc, but the quality may not be as good.
I always have a brightly coloured lightweight scarf with me for extra warmth, to add a bit of style to my outfits or to cover my shoulders with when I need it. The one I wear now is one I picked up in a market in Morocco (see pic below).
Sarong/Beach Cover Up
If I’m heading somewhere beachy, I sometimes take a sarong or more usually, take my rainbow kimono (see above).
You could also buy a nice piece of African fabric at a local market and wear that.
If you want to keep the dust out of your hair and nose/mouth, get yourself a Buff (you can also just use a scarf). They’re not the coolest looking things, but they serve a purpose and are very useful, especially when hiking or on safari. I like bright and colourful ones like this and this, but they come in all colours.
If you are going on lots of safaris in dusty places (Botswana and Namibia are super dusty), you could also bring a dust mask – but that’s your call. 😉
As a blogger, so I tend to travel with more electronics than the average person, so if you aren’t working on the road, you probably won’t need everything I mention, but to I’ll give you an idea of what I carry with me below.
Africa is a photographers dream, so you’re probably going to want to have a good camera with you.
The first time I went, I took a very basic point and shoot which I regretted. But that was a long time ago and even basic cameras have come a long way since then. It doesn’t have to be a big DSLR and you don’t have to be a professional to get great photos, but if you want to get good pictures on safari, you should at least have a good zoom.
On a day to day basis, I just use my Canon G7X Mark II – it’s a little more discreet, takes great photos and is great if you want to vlog or take videos. The only problem with this camera is that the zoom isn’t great, but it’s perfect for everything else.
If you want a full DSLR, Nikon and Canon are what almost all of the pro wildlife photographers use, but I’d suggest going into a specific camera shop to get some advice!
The only downside to the mirrorless cameras and DSLR’s, is that you’ll need multiple lenses to go with it (see below).
If you don’t want to invest in an expensive camera with interchangeable lenses (if you’re not really into photography, there’s no point), you could consider a bridge camera. These are actually my favourite, but the quality isn’t quite as good, but that shouldn’t matter too much to anyone who isn’t a blogger or photographer. A good one is the Panasonic Lumix.
Having a camera with wifi capabilities is a good idea too, so you can back up your photos to your phone so you can Instagram away without having to transfer using a computer!
And don’t forget to get a good camera case to keep it protected.
If you have a camera with interchangeable lenses, at the bare minimum I would have a the standard lens as well as a telephoto zoom lens for when you are on safari. I’d suggest your telephoto lens be at least 300mm. Mine is only up to 150mm and it’s pretty useless on most safaris.
ou may also want to consider getting a wide-angle for all those epic landscapes and if you’re into portraits, a nifty fifty fixed lens is also good!
If you are interested in taking long-exposure pictures, you’re going to want to have a tripod with you. I personally could not be bothered lugging around a big tripod, so I have an awesome this one which is awesome. It’s tiny and also great to use as a handle if you want to take selfies or vlogs and they also have a similar one with slightly extendable legs for uneven surfaces.
Finding (good, authentic) memory cards can be difficult outside of the big cities, so take a stash with you. The last thing you want to do is be having to spend your safari deleting pictures to make space. I always use the 128 GB SanDisk ones now, they take ages to fill up so you don’t lose crucial time deleting pictures. I usually go through 1 every 3 months.
Absolutely essential! Brilliant for camping, brilliant for dorms, brilliant for when the power inevitably goes out. I use this one.
You’re going to make a lot of long journeys in Africa, so having a Kindle is great and also means you don’t have to carry heavy books around. If you want to read up on Africa, you can find some of my favourite books here.
Don’t forget all your chargers so you can use all your stuff!
British, South African and European plugs are the main plug sockets used in East and Southern Africa. My favourite one is this Skross adapter as it converts British plugs into European plugs and European into South African plugs.
You can check the plugs you need for each African country you need here. But if you have British, European and South African adapters, you’ll usually be covered.
You may not always have access to a charging point so having a powerbank is great, especially on a long journey. I have this one which has two USB points, lasts for ages and it’s been great so far (when I remember to charge it)! Spare batteries for your camera are also worth considering!
I have an unlocked iPhone. If you are tied into a contract, consider getting your smartphone unlocked so you can pick up local SIM cards along the way and then you have internet at your fingertips! You may need your passport to get a SIM card.
As I travel with an iPhone, I always travel with some kind of iPhone pin so that I can switch SIM cards as needed. A paper clip usually works too. Avoid toothpicks as they can break and get stuck inside. I know this from experience!
Multiway Extension Lead or Charger
Having something that can charge multiple items at once is a bonus, especially at campsites with limited charging points. Some people I know travel with an extension lead, and others have a multi USB charger. Whatever you have, you’ll be everyone’s favourite person.
The first time I went to Africa in 2009, I would never have dreamed of taking a laptop. Not many places had WIFI and I pretty much disappeared off the grid for a year, (aside from the odd email home sent from an internet cafe and a few texts on my trusty old Nokia). But times are changing (sadly), and lots of people have them now so if you. I have a MacBook Air which I love, although I try not to be on it too much when I’m travelling. Then of course it’s good to have a case to keep it safe and you may think about investing in a protective case.
I would strongly advise that you back up your photos when you can! I have an ADATA hard drive which has been great so far.
TOP TIP: Use velcro to stick your hard drive to the top of your laptop and out of the way!
Toiletries & Health
You don’t have to take everything with you but if there’s anything in particular that you like to use, I’d take it with you, as some of your favourite brands may not be available.
But there are relatively big supermarkets in most cities and towns where you can top up a lot of stuff if you run out.
I’ve always just used Dove soap (I know some people who gasp in horror that I use soap on my face but it’s always worked for me) and body. You can get it in a lot of supermarkets in Africa but if you like a proper face cleanser, I’d take yours with you. I carry my soap in a soap case, which I usually buy from somewhere like Bodycare, Boots or Superdrug.
I always bring a little bottle of my favourite moisturiser with me. I’ve been using Olay Complete Care Sensitive SPF 15 for the last 20 years and still love it.
I also love Lush’s Dream Cream which I use on my face and body.
Shampoo & Conditioner
In the last year, I have become a complete convert to the Lush shampoo bars. They’re A-MAZING! One shampoo bar lasted me 4 full months in Africa and took up hardly any space in my bag. My favourite is Honey I Washed My Hair shampoo paired with their Happy Happy Joy Joy conditioner. If you do buy the shampoo bar, you’ll also have to invest in a storage tin, but they are cheap and you can use them over and over. They also make solid perfume bars too, perfect for travel.
Girls (and guys), look after your skin. I have long been a fan of Clinique Super City Block SPF 40 and always take a tube on my travels. I love it because it lasts for ages, protects my skin and it gives me a nice fresh look. I also use Shiseido Sports BB SPF 50+ – they have light, medium and dark, dependent on skin tone. I use the medium.
If you are travelling for a while, backpacking around in flip flops in the dry conditions wrecks havoc with your feet and within a week or two they will end up a sore, cracked mess. Before you go to sleep each night, just stick on a little bit of Scholl Cracked Heal Cream and you’ll be right!
I don’t wear much makeup when I’m in Africa, if at all, but for nights out, I take a tube of Maybelline Great Lash Mascara, a black eyeliner and my favourite blusher, MAC Blusher in Pink Swoon. I use my Clinique City Block instead of foundation.
Your nails (especially your toenails) will get really dirty with the dust, so I’d definitely recommend taking a small nail brush to keep you clean and dirt free.
Sun lotion can be expensive in Africa so I usually take it with me, however, I try to keep covered up as much as possible and use cream sparingly.
First Aid Kit
I always have a little Lifesystems Adventurer First Aid Kit with me. I usually buy a few extra items and stick them in there for emergencies, things like antiseptic cream, rehydration sachets, paracetamol, Tiger Balm and Immodium. If you’re going to remote places you may want to take some water purification tablets, but I’ve never used these. A lot of the Americans I know travel with antibiotics, but you can pick that type of stuff up when there (usually just over the counter).
You can get good mosquito repellent in the cities, but it’s not always readily available, so I usually take a couple of bottles of Jungle Formula with me for emergencies. I also really like a South African brand called Peaceful Sleep and tend to use this more than Jungle Formula. I find it really effective, it doesn’t contain DEET and smells quite nice.
You could get all your malaria tablets at home, however they are expensive. I usually get a few from home, to start me off and then buy the remainder when I’m over there. Personal choice! The non-branded versions are much cheaper.
Good to keep your brows looking good and for removing splinters.
Sanitary towels are easy to buy in Africa, but tampons are harder to come by and usually only found in the bigger supermarets and chemists, so if that’s what you use, you may want to take some with you.
However, nowadays, a lot of women are switching over to cups, like the Diva Cup or Mooncup. Just be aware there are different sizes and they take a bit of getting used to, so you will want to try it out before you go.
If you don’t want to take a big brush, you could take a Tangle Teezer which are perfect for travel. These usually don’t get through my long, thick wavy, hair so I take my paddle brush, but I have removed the handle.
Toothbrush & Holder
I have yet to find a really good toothbrush in Africa, so I always take my own, plus a spare and carry them in a toothbrush holder like this one. You may also want to pack some floss too.
Contact Lenses and Contact Lens Solution
Contact Lens solution isn’t easy to find in Africa and can be expensive, so make sure you take what you need.
Believe it or not, Africa has some awesome supermarkets, so you can can a lot of stuff there, such as soap, wet wipes, razors, deodorant, hand sanitizer, toothpaste, toilet paper, cotton buds and body lotion.
Money & Travel Documents
All the important stuff. If there’s only a few things you take, these should be it!
I suggest taking a mix of your own currency, dollars for visas and some activities and local currency (if available to exchange before you go).
Most visas on arrival need to be paid for in dollars (always check though). The dollars should be in good condition and dated 2013 and after if possible. If they are ripped or have any markings they may not be accepted.
Visa is the most commonly accepted card in Africa so I’d ensure you have a Visa card, but Mastercard is becoming more widely accepted now too.
If you can find a card that doesn’t charge for withdrawals get that one! and don’t forget to let them know you are going abroad!
Remember you will get stamped so your passport should have enough pages to get you through your trip. They usually say 2 pages per country you are visiting, however they will usually stamp more than one stamp on each page. Just make sure you have a few left!
And your passport should be valid for at least 6 months after you intend to leave the country.
Yellow Fever Certificate
Some countries require a Yellow Fever vaccination certificate to allow you to enter. You can find more info about whether you need a Yellow Fever certificate here.
You can get most visas on arrival at lots of entry points, however some you have to apply for in advance, so do your research. If you have applied in advance, don’t forget to take your paperwork with you.
Travel Insurance Documents
Make sure you have a travel insurance that covers you for everything you want to do and keep your documents with the emergency numbers handy and also leave them with someone at home too. I recommend World Nomads or Outbacker.
I’ve only had to use these once, as now they usually take your picture with a camera, but maybe carry a few spare passport photos with you in case you need them for visas.
For the record, I’ve never taken a mosquito net as a lot of places have them, but not all, so you may want to consider taking one. If you are in a tent, you don’t usually need one as mosquitos rarely get in.
It is also sometimes handy to travel with a small can of DOOM (insecticide) that you can spray around before you go to bed.
Occasionally you’ll find that the mosquito nets have holes in, so I usually just bring a small roll of electrical tape to fix the holes. Electrical tape also works to fix broken bags and tents and occasionally a car bumper.
You’ll have an abundance of choice in Africa, so leave your expensive stuff at home and have some fun and support the local economy by haggling for some locally made items. Ladies may want to consider a cheap, fake wedding ring.
You could substitute a proper towel for a microfibre towel. They are a bit crap, but they dry quick and are small. I usually just take my normal towel.
To keep track of all those amazing things you’ll be doing. Or you can just use the notes on your phone.
For securing your stuff in the lockers in your hostels, a combination padlock is great.
Almost everywhere you stay will have some kind of washing facility, either for you to wash your own clothes or for someone to do your laundry for you. however, there may be the odd time when you run out of underwear and need to do them yourself. Alternatively, you can just wash your undies with shampoo in the shower. Works a treat.
A good way to save money on lodging, is to buy a small tent. This also helps if you’re a bit of a wing it kind of person and just . Even if there’s no room in the actual hostel, there will always usually be a space to pitch a tent!
If you’re camping, you’ll need a sleeping bag. The bag you take will depend on the season. If you are travelling in the colder months, I’d recommend a 3 – 4 season sleeping bag.
And you’ll also need a roll mat. Depending on your tolerance for sleeping on the floor you could either go for something thinner (that could double as a yoga mat if you’re that way inclined) or a thicker one like a Therm-a-Rest. I have an older version of this one which I used on Kilimanjaro.
Sleeping Bag Liner
Some people like to take a sleeping bag liner even if they’re not camping. I have a silk one which is really nice and adds extra warmth when it’s cold.
This may sound like a weird one, but something nice to have is a small Tupperware box, to put your food in for hiking or if you have any leftovers you can reuse them. You can buy plastic goods in every African supermarket (honestly, I’ve never seen anything like it, rows and rows of the stuff).
You may want to carry your own water bottle to save the planet and your pocket. If so, I’d definitely recommend a LifeStraw water bottle as they allow you to drink from the tap by filtering your water. This will save you a ton of money in the long run.
You may also want to get a carabiner to attach to your bag.
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Plan Your Trip to Africa
Getting There: I always search for flights on Skyscanner.
Resources: I’m a big fan of Lonely Planet guidebooks and usually travel with one wherever I go.
Tours: Don’t fancy going it alone? Join a small group tour and come on one of my Rock My Adventure tours.
Read More About Africa:
- 39 Things You Need To Know Before Backpacking Africa
- How To Plan Your Dream Trip To Africa (in 20 easy steps)
- The Beginner’s Guide to Backpacking East & Southern Africa
- My 6 Month Africa Travel Budget
- My Top Africa Travel Tips: Everything You Need to Know
- Travelling Africa Independently vs. Taking an Overland Tour
See all Africa posts here.
I hope you have a fantastic and well-prepared trip to Africa! If you have any questions or suggestions for other items you can’t live without, leave them in the comments below.
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